Fiber Optic Cables – Perfect Transmitting Mediums

Communication is the most integral part of our lives these days. Whether it’s cell phones, e-mails, and so on. The basic idea is to transfer messages from one point to another at high speeds. This signal transmission is effected via the transfer means. The medium can be of two types:
• wired transmission media• wireless transmission media
Among the wired transmission means that you can select one of twisted wires, copper wires, fiber optic cables and many others. Fiber optic cables are mainly used for the transport of light. The cable is a single cable, but a set of individual wires, where each layer of individual cable plastic material is given. Complete cable also receives a protective coating depending on the environment in which they will use. The application environment will determine the robustness, strength and durability of the cable. The material used is mainly plastic or glass depending on the transmission range. For short, plastic is used while for medium and long term glass is used.
The optical system has three components: –
• The optical transmitter• Optical Receiver• Connection Actual medium of the optical transmitter and receiver
The optical emitter may be a coherent light source laser or a light-emitting diode. The actual propagation of light through fiber optics is based on Maxwell’s equation.
Fiber
optic cables are used for various purposes, ranging from long distance
telemetry transmission of fast information from one node to another in a
building.
There are many advantages of using fiber optic cables. Some of them are: –
• Unaffected by electromagnetic interference• No or very little crosstalk fiber. As a result, data security is maintained• It is possible to multiplex a large number of signals because it is also possible to use high frequency bandwidths• ensure safety in hazardous areas• Much more convenient compared to other hardwired media• There are fewer ground loop problems in these transmissions.
In some specific cases, the color-coded cable is available. A total of 12 colors are used in cable brands. Each color has its own specifications known to man to manipulate them. This method facilitates the use of these cables and avoids accidents.
Hybrid cables that are today a mixture of fiber optic cables and power cables are also used. In these hybrid cables, information and energy are transmitted together.

Fiber Optic Cables – Perfect Transmitting Mediums

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